Sparśa Vyanjanas (contacted consonants)

Group name Point of Articulation Hard Consonants / unvoiced (aghosha) Soft Consonants / Voiced (ghosha) Nasals (nasika)
Unaspirate (alpa-prana)          Aspirate (maha-prana) Unaspirate (alpa-prana) Aspirate (Maha-prana) Soft
ka varga Gutturals
ca Varga Palatals
ṭa Varga Linguals
Ta varga Dentals
Pa varga Labials

 

 

Antastha and Uṣman Vyanjanas ( Semivowels and sibilant consonants)

 

Point of Articulation Antastha(Semivowels) Ushman(Sibilants)
Gutturals  
Palatals
Cerebrals
Dentals
Labials